Co-education means the teaching to both the genders in the same institution. This system of education aims at bringing boys and girls together in the process of learning. The great Greek Philosopher Plato had propagated the system of co-education in the ancient times. He believed that co-education will create a feeling of comradeship between boys and girls. Plato was a great supporter of the education of women. Therefore he felt that if men and women are taught together it will develop their personality to the maximum. They will not feel any shyness from each other. He advocates that it was the only method on which both could become useful members of the society.
In the modern times co-educational system is prevalent in Europe and USA. In Pakistan, Bangladesh, India etc. also now a days more and more co-educational schools are being established. There are many advantages and hardly any dis-advantages in the co-educational system of education.
No need of separate school
If boys and girls taught together, there will not be any need for opening separate school for girls. Co-education is an economical system because both boys and girls can study in the same school and they can be taught by the same staff.This will benefit economically.
Boys and girls must live together in the society in their later lives and if they are taught together from the very beginning, they can understand each other well. Girls will not feel shy in the presence of boys and the same with boys. Students of co-education will be able to express their views in presences of members of opposite gender.Confidence will enhance in girls and they will be fully ready to face circumstances in their later life.
Again, if they are taught together, it will create a sense of healthy competition among them. In this manner they will work hard and pay serious attention to their studies. A feeling of comradeship will also develop between boys and girls. Working together in class room and homework assignment provides boys and girls the opportunity to learn from each other intellectually as well as socially.
Balanced development of their personality
The boys will not indulge in eve-teasing and girls will not be afraid of the boys. Thus they will have balanced development of their personality. It is also a common experience that the boys behave decently in the company of girls. They do not use rough and abusive language in the presence of girls. They also dress properly and talk mannerly. Thus, if co-education is introduced there will be no problem of discipline among the students. In the western countries there is no separation between the girls and boys in schools. The girls study with the boys in the same schools and later on work with them in the same offices and factories.
The world is changing fast today and women are expected to stand shoulder to shoulder with men in the race of progress. 52% of the population of Pakistan is comprised of women. Such huge part of society may not be isolated and separated from the race of sustenance. Co-education should not bar girls from education otherwise we could not be able to keep pace with the nations of the world in the race progress.